Friday, January 3, 2014

KASTURI MANJAL ( കസ്തുരി മഞ്ഞൾ )























ENGLISH NAME :  Aromatic Turmeric.
BOTANIC NAME :  Curcuma aromatic.
FAMILY: Zingiberaceae

HABIT:  Perennial rhizomatous herb usually found in wild areas.

DESCRIPTION:  
         PLANT      : An herb that grows up to 1.5 m in height ,having upright pseudostem and horizontal  underground stems known as rhizomes. Rhizomes whitish inside, campher smelling.

         LEAF  : Long petiolate , Oblong- lanceolate in shape and characterised by pubescent beneath.




   FLOWER   : Inflorescence is with white corolla lobes, with a pink tips and yellow lips. The stalk grows to about 25 cm tall, andFunnel-shaped white flowers with yellow shade, peeping out of large bracts .   
    
PROPAGATION.: Rhizomes are used for propagation.
Rhizomes
MEDICINAL USES:

Folkloric: 
Rhizomes used in sprains, bruises and skin diseases.
Rhizome decoction is used as carminative and tonic. 
It is widely used as cosmetics. 
In Chinese medicine it is used for preventing and curing cancer.
It is used as remedy for wound, bruises and sprain, skin problems, digestive aid, liver protection, treating arthritis,reducing cholesterol,
Rhizome cross section

Rhizome cross section

LOCAL NAMES: 
Wild turmeric(English), 
Aranyahaldikanda, Aranyaharidra (Sanskrit),
 Jangli haldi (Hindi), 
 Kasturimanjal (Tamil),
  Kasthuri Pasupa (Telugu), 
Kasthuri Arishina (Kannada),
  Lam Yaingang (Manipuri).

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