ENGLISH NAME: SERPANT ROOT
BOTANIC NAME: Rauvolfia serpentina
HABIT: An erect, evergreen, shade loving plant.
PLANT: Perennial grows up to a height of 1meter.
LEAF : Simple, 10-15 cm length, 2.5-5cm width.
Leaves are seen in whorls of three in each node.
FLOWER:Inflorescence terminal, in cymes up to 3cm long,
Five petals white in colour form a tubular corolla with red sepals.
FRUIT/SEED: Tiny oval, fleshy turns to purple/black when ripe, two seeds are seen
in a fruit.
PROPAGATION : By seeds
MEDICINAL USES: The roots are used in medicines.
Powdered roots are used for the treatment of high blood pressure.
(Long term use may cause some side effects.)
Anti dote against the bite of venomous reptiles.
The roots contain more than 60 alkaloids.
Chiefly used as a sedative,tranquilizer and anti psychotic.
LOCAL NAMES :
SARPAGANDI, CHUVANNAVALPORI (Malayalam),
OPHIOXYLON, INDIAN SNAKE ROOT, SARPAGANDA (English),
CHANDRABHAGA, CHOTACHAND (Hindi),
FOOT NOTE: Use of Rauvolfia serpentina is fatal to persons suffering from bronchitis, asthma or gastric ulsers.