Wednesday, January 1, 2014

NARUM PANAL ( നറും പാണൽ )




ENGLISH: SOUTH INDIAN UVARIA



BOTANIC NAME: Uvaria narum

FAMILY: Annonaceae


HABIT :

 Evergreen cluster of shrub with straggling vine, commonly found   as an under growth in Western ghat region.     

                                               
DESCRIPTION      
                   
         PLANT: Climbing shrub with dark brown woody stem. 

         LEAF : 5.5x2.5 cm, shining dark bluish green coloured, oblong-lanceolate, acute,  
                       hairless on both sides with short stalks.
                     Slightly aromatic (smell like cinnamon)

         FLOWER:    Solitary reddish flowers, auxillary or terminal, 2.5-3.5 cm in diameter,    
                                 petal connate usually 6 in numbers.    
                       
       FRUIT/SEED: Fruit let stalk up to 5cm long, orange or scarlet when dry.


PROPAGATION   : By seed.


MEDICINAL USES: 

Folkloric:

Leaves and root.
In Ayurveda Uvaria narum is used for the treatment of jaundice.
Root and leaves used in intermitted fevers, for the treatment of rheumatism, inflammation and skin diseases.
Decoction of the root bark is used to control fits at the time of delivery. 

Studies:
The essential oil extracted from leaves shows good antibacterial activitie against Staphyloccus aureus, Lactobacillus fermentum and E coli 
It shows significant hepatoprotective charectors against CCl4 induced liver damage.
The powdered root shows remarkable degree of anti oxidant characters.


 LOCAL NAMES: 
NAARUM PANNEL, KUREEL(Malayalam),
 VALEESHAKHOTA, PULIKKAN, PULICHAN(Tamil), 
PANDEL(Tulu),
KARIBALLI, BUGADEE HOO,BUGADEE BALLI (Kannada),
NEELA VALLI (Sanskrit), 
GUNVAARA, KALA APKARA.
  

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