Friday, March 16, 2012

INDIAN HOG PLUM (AMBAZHAM)


INTRODUCTION TO LESSER KNOWN
VEGETABLES AND FRUIT SPECIES OF KERALA
VOL. 13
                                                    
COMMON NAME:-   INDIAN HOG PLUM
OTHER NAMES:    
Indian mombin,
wild mango,
aamrata,
ambaada,
ambara,,
eikhoi,
amada,
khatamba,
ranamba,              
tawitaw,
amaro,
kincam,
pulima,          
adavimamidi,
Ciuela mango,
Cajamangueira,
Imb’u manga,
Makok,
Mangoflume,
Bing Lang Xing.

BOTANIC NAME: - Spondias mangifera
 
MALAYALAM NAME: - AMBAZHAM,

                                     AMBAYAM.


Indian hog plum

 Indian hog plum native to Indian sub-continent and famous as wild mango, famed for its medicinal values. Indian hog plum tree is a deciduous tree with medium-sized trunk and thick, smooth, grey, aromatic bark.  The leaves are compound  having 3-5 pairs of leaflets and elliptical in shape with attractive smell. 

 Indian hog plum plant


NUTRITIVE VALUE:-
The Nutritional composition per 100g of edible portion of Indian hog plum:  
Energy    48 Kcal,
Protein     0.7g,
Carbohydrate      4.6g,
Vitamin B1    0.02mg,
Vitamin B2  0.2mg,
Vitamin B3   0.3mg ,
Vitamin C      21mg ,
Minerals  0.5g ,
Iron    3.9 mg,
Phosphorous  11mg,
Calcium     36 mg,                                                              
Fibre          1 g
Fat        3g.
Tender leaves
                       
MEDICINAL VALUE:-     
The parts like fruits, leaves and barks are used for various treatments. The juice of both the fruit and the leaves is used to treat earache, the bark is recommended for stomach ache, dysentery, rheumatism and swollen joints. In tribal medicine roots are used for regulating menstruation.
Flowers

FOOD VALUE:-
Fruits are acidic when immature it is used as vegetable and eaten fresh, also used for making pickle and as an additive (souring agent, substitute for tamarind).

METHOD OF CULTIVATION:-
The Indian hog plum can easily establish by seeds. The stem cuttings are also used for the propagation.

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